Get this from a library! Statistik Indonesia. Statistical yearbook of Indonesia.. [Indonesia. Badan Pusat Statistik.; Indonesia. Biro Pusat Statistik.;]. Available in the National Library of Australia collection. Format: Journal; v. ; cm. Title, Statistik Indonesia: Statistical yearbook of Indonesia Statistik tahunan, Statistik tahunan. Contributor, Indonesia. Biro Pusat Statistik. Publisher, Biro Pusat.


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Historical Economic Statistics in Indonesia: Continuity and Change Pierre van der Eng Introduction The quality of statistical data generated in the less-developed countries of Asia in the past is often considered to be low, and consistent time statistical yearbook of indonesia often do not stretch further back than the s.

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statistical yearbook of indonesia However, in the case of Indonesia, statistical yearbook of indonesia 16 volumes in the series Changing Economy in Indonesia: A Selection of Statistical Source Material from the Early 19th Century up to seem to suggest that relatively modern and consistent data on, for instance, population, foreign trade and food production are available from the early 19th century.

The quality of Indonesia's historical statistics has been the subject of continuous debate. One way to assess quality is to ponder the reasons why statistics were collected and to gauge the technical and financial resources which were committed to this effort.

The history of statistical reporting in colonial Indonesia suggests that, not the poor quality of the data, but rather the growing use of economic statistics in the formulation of macro-economic policies, led to a gradual improvement in statistical reporting.

Understanding the historical changes in the process by which such policies were formulated therefore helps us to understand changes statistical yearbook of indonesia the quality of the statistical data.

From 'Enumerations' to Annual Reports In the early 19th century, the first attempts to collect statistical data were restricted to the areas in Java under direct colonial rule, and conducted mainly in order to obtain impressions of the taxable base in the Javanese economy.


For instance, data on the number of households was used to allocate the statistical yearbook of indonesia cultivation of cash crops. However, the statistical 'enumerations' opnemingen during failed to provide a comprehensive statistical overview of Java, largely because they were compiled differently in each of the residencies.

Statistik Indonesia = Statistical yearbook of Indonesia | National Library of Australia

These statistical yearbook of indonesia were later standardized and statistical yearbook of indonesia annually, but improvement of statistical reporting was impeded by the philosophy behind the Cultivation System. It provided for indirect colonial rule and therefore data collection through indigenous heads and prohibited extensive direct contact between local colonial administrators and the indigenous population.

The imperfect statistical data, including population and various aspects of the indigenous economy, were aggregated in appendices to a series of annual reports from Aroundit was common knowledge that the accuracy of the data was questionable.


The colonial administration was extended with specialized departments such as FinancePublic WorksEducation, Religion and IndustryJusticeand Agricultureand the collection of statistical data was transferred to them.

The annual reports were increasingly compiled with statistical data from these departments, rather than from local colonial administrators. The available statistical data statistical yearbook of indonesia increasingly bountiful, but its accuracy remained in doubt, given that civil servants were generally not trained to collect such data and check its accuracy.

Statistik Indonesia. Statistical yearbook of Indonesia. (Journal, magazine, ) []

Indeed, the annual reports attached three labels statistical yearbook of indonesia the data: Accuracy and coverage of the data were therefore very much related to the purpose for which data was collected.

For instance, the data on food production continued to be collected for land tax purposes. Areas where the tax was not collected such as the Principalities of Yogyakarta and Surakarta, and all the Outer Islands were therefore not included.

Centralization and Professionalization Statistical coverage continued to expand after with the extension of the administrative tasks which the colonial government allotted to the growing number of specialized departments, in response to the economic and social statistical yearbook of indonesia of Indonesia.

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The departments required more extensive and statistical yearbook of indonesia accurate quantitative information to prepare and execute their tasks.

The aggregated data from the Colonial Reports was re-published by the Dutch Bureau of Statistics in a section of the Dutch annual statistical yearbook.


In response to widespread concerns about food supply, the Statistical Office first reorganized the system used to monitor food production in Java from an administrative aid for the collection of land tax to a remarkably accurate monthly overview of planted and harvested areas in Java, Bali, and Lombok.

The office soon started the collection of various important new data, such as the wholesale and statistical yearbook of indonesia and rural retail price indices. It also became responsible for data on the production of plantation and farm cash crops, and foreign trade statistics.

The work of the Statistical Office was so momentous that the colonial statistical yearbook of indonesia decided to centralize the collection of all statistics with the establishment in of the Central Office of Statistics Central Kantoor voor de Statistiek, CKS.