Russian Revolution of , uprising that was instrumental in convincing Tsar Nicholas II to attempt the transformation of the Russian government from an. Social and political unrest swept the Russian Empire in , forcing the autocratic tsarist regime to grant the creation of a popularly-elected. Home; > History; > Modern World History; > Russia/USSR - ; > The Revolution. Print. History. The Revolution. Page: 1 · 2 · Next.


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Inthere were naval mutinies at Sevastopol see Sevastopol UprisingVladivostokand Kronstadtpeaking in June with the mutiny aboard the battleship Potemkin.


The mutineers eventually surrendered the battleship to Romanian russian revolution 1905 on 8 July in exchange for asylum, then the Romanians returned her to Imperial Russian authorities on the following day.

A barricade erected by revolutionaries in Moscow Nationalist groups had been angered by the Russification undertaken since Alexander II.

Russian Revolution of 1905

The Poles, Finns, and the Baltic provinces all sought autonomy, and also freedom to use their national languages and promote their own culture. Certain groups took the opportunity to settle differences with each other rather than the government.

Some nationalists undertook anti-Jewish pogromspossibly with government aid, and in total over 3, Jews were killed. He appointed a government commission "to enquire without delay into the causes of discontent among the russian revolution 1905 in the city of St Petersburg and its suburbs"[ attribution needed ] in view of russian revolution 1905 strike movement.

1905 Russian Revolution

Elections of the workers delegates were, however, blocked by the socialists who wanted to divert the workers from the elections to the armed russian revolution 1905. Responding to speeches by Prince Sergei Trubetskoi and Mr Fyodrov, the Tsar confirmed his promise to convene an assembly of people's representatives.

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When its slight powers and limits on russian revolution 1905 electorate were revealed, unrest redoubled. The Saint Petersburg Soviet was formed and called for a general strike in October, refusal to pay taxes, and the withdrawal of bank deposits.

In June and Julythere were many peasant uprisings in which peasants seized land and tools.


Surprisingly, only one landlord was recorded as killed. It closely followed the demands of the Zemstvo Congress in September, granting basic civil rightsallowing the formation russian revolution 1905 political parties, extending the franchise towards universal suffrageand establishing the Duma as the central legislative body.

Russian Revolution of |

He regretted signing the document, saying that he felt "sick with shame at this betrayal of the dynasty A locomotive overturned by striking workers at the main railway depot in Tiflis in When the manifesto was proclaimed, there were spontaneous demonstrations of support in all the major cities.

The strikes in Saint Petersburg and elsewhere officially ended or quickly collapsed. A political amnesty was also offered. The concessions came hand-in-hand russian revolution 1905 renewed, and brutal, action against the unrest.

There was also a backlash from the conservative elements of society, with right-wing attacks on strikers, left-wingers, and Jews. While the Russian liberals were satisfied by the October Manifesto and prepared for upcoming Duma elections, radical socialists and revolutionaries denounced the elections and called for russian revolution 1905 armed uprising to destroy the Empire.

Some of the November uprising of in Sevastopolheaded by retired naval Lieutenant Pyotr Schmidtwas russian revolution 1905 against the government, while some was undirected.

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Though Nicholas II was not in the Winter Palace when the Putilov workers were shot on the russian revolution 1905 outside, he nevertheless condoned the actions of the officers and refused to sanction them.

This only intensified anti-tsarist sentiment and fuelled unrest in St Petersburg.


It also led to concerns about the personal safety of the royal family. Nicholas immediately cancelled almost all of his public appearances and for much russian revolution 1905 the royal family remained in the comparative safety of their palaces.

During the trial of the Soviet leaders he made a characteristic denouncement of russian revolution 1905 from the witness stand… Trotsky emerged from with a reputation of a man of action and a revolutionary of great courage and daring.