Stretch and challenge your students with SHP's longest-lived and best-selling series for GCSE History. This is an SHP Official Text which means it has been  Missing: 41 ‎| ‎Must include: ‎ Lenin and the Bolsheviks believed that a communist revolution in Russia could the Russian people, the Soviets were divided on the way forward for Russia. Discovering the Past. Russia and the USSR, Student's Book (| Books, Comics & Magazines, Fiction, Other Fiction | eBay!


Author: Admin
Country: Georgia
Language: English
Genre: Education
Published: 23 May 2015
Pages: 216
PDF File Size: 5.58 Mb
ePub File Size: 22.7 Mb
ISBN: 750-3-39257-277-8
Downloads: 76283
Price: Free
Uploader: Admin


The nature of Russian society in Russia is a vast country stretching from the Eastern European plain, across the Ural Mountains and the plains of Siberia to the Far East. Approximately million people lived in Russia in97 million of which were peasant farmers, three million were industrial workers, about a million made up the russia and the ussr 1905-41 and half a million or so were from the professional classes.

Russia was socially and russia and the ussr 1905-41 backward in contrast to the other Great Powers, although it was beginning to undergo rapid industrialisation in the cities as it attempted to catch up with the USA, Germany, Great Britain, France and Japan. The vast majority of Russians were peasant farmers who lived an almost medieval existence russia and the ussr 1905-41 dependence upon the soil and the local aristocracy.

By the peasantry was growing rapidly and there was a hunger for land that was predominantly in the hands of the aristocracy.

Following a general and widespread revolution, the Tsar was forced to accept the establishment of the Duma, a Russian parliament. However, this organisation was weak and essentially rubber-stamped decisions made by the monarchy and its council.

  • Already a member?

Traditional loyalty The Romanov dynasty maintained its position through the traditional loyalty of powerful sections of Russian society. The most important of these were the aristocracy, the Church, the bureaucracy, the police and the Russian army.

Russia and The USSR - Mindmap in GCSE History

Each of these powerful elites was interested in preserving their own positions and the power of the monarchy.

By Russia seemed to be very old fashioned, even medieval, in contrast to the russia and the ussr 1905-41 Great Powers. The Liberals were the most moderate of the opposition groups. This group achieved some success with the establishment of the Duma, or Russian parliament, in However, the Duma was really just a talking-shop and had no real influence over the Tsar.

The second major opposition group were the Social Revolutionaries who wished to create a new Russian society russia and the ussr 1905-41 on the traditional community of the peasant village.

The third group were the communists influenced by the writings of Karl Marx, a German Jew in exile in Great Britain from Marx was a philosopher and economist who believed that societies were constantly changing.

Historyis | Russia

Marx believed that whoever controlled the means of production e. As one class grew in dominance it would establish religious, social and cultural organisations to maintain its power.

But, Marx claimed that this power structure never lasted and that it would eventually collapse. Marx predicted that the industrial workers russia and the ussr 1905-41 each country would rise against the middle and upper classes and seize control of the means of production. Eventually a classless society would be created.

HISTORY NOTES- Russia - The Student Room

This theory is known as communism. The communists saw Nicholas II, the aristocracy and the Church as the controllers of the means of production and the russia and the ussr 1905-41 of the Russian people. The communists aimed to overthrow the Tsar, the aristocracy and the Church and replace them with small councils or Soviets, which would represent the ordinary people and control the means of production on their behalf.

The communists were split amongst themselves.

Russia and The USSR 1905-41

Lenin and the Bolsheviks believed that a communist revolution in Russia could russia and the ussr 1905-41 be achieved under the guidance of a small elite of professional revolutionaries under his command. The other communist group were the Mensheviks. The Mensheviks also wanted a communist revolution, but one that was democratic and not controlled by one person or a small group.

Of course, the Tsar could not tolerate any extreme political groups that aimed to destroy his power and that of his supporters.