"Problems of Method in Oral History11, by Paul Thompson, of the University of Essex. 1. is much closer to the life-history interviews which we are using. You and your family members can preserve unwritten family history using oral history techniques. Likewise you and your community can discover and preserve What is Oral History? · Sequence for Oral History · IV. Issues in Oral History. Abstract—The research methodology adopted for writing scientific history like, internal criticism, external criticism, elimination of value of judgment and.
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Step-by-Step Guide to Oral History
It partly draws on a series of interviews I conducted for a British Academy—financed project, which explored traditional perspectives on a oral history methodology of intense political violence in Italy: What of the self-serving motives of the story teller? What of the power relationships between interviewer and interviewee that affect what and how events oral history methodology reported?
What of the differences between the spoken and written word? What of the inaccuracies that creep into meaning when trying to put a conversation onto paper?
Well, many of the same problems arise in using written records. Written sources can carry personal or social biases.
Principles and Best Practices | Oral History Association
Oral history methodology sources occur within a social context. As an example, newspaper accounts contemporary with events often suffer from historical inaccuracy because of the ideological slants of reporters and editorial staff, because of the availability of sources, because of advertisers' interests, and because of the need to sell interesting stories that the public wants to buy.
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Yet these same newspaper accounts can be used as historical evidence of people's attitudes and interpretations. Even historical analysis published by professional historians intent on upholding the best oral history methodology in their field still falls short of that elusive goal, a complete and totally objective account of events.
How about films and photographs?
Can the camera remain objective and give us an accurate view of events? Even visual media give only fragments. Furthermore, the photographer chooses to record a portion of an event, and her point oral history methodology view suggests an interpretation.
The equipment, social context, and intent of the photographer affect what photographs will be recorded, what will be printed, and how it will be presented to viewers. In oral history, in addition oral history methodology asking all of the historian's usual questions about accuracy, one must also ask questions about putting spoken words on paper.
At first one tends to assume that a transcription of a tape-recorded interview of an eyewitness would be a very oral history methodology record of an event. As historians we must examine that assumption. We all know how hard it is to find the right words for our thoughts.
In an interview, with a stranger listening and a tape recorder running, how closely can the actual words of the interviewee approximate oral history methodology thoughts that the interviewee wants to communicate?
We all know the tricks that memory plays on us, even just trying to recall what happened last week.
In recalling memories from a long-ago event, how closely do the memories of the narrator approximate a true rendering of the actual experience?
Our problem becomes oral history methodology complicated when we try to write down what has been said. People don't always speak in complete sentences. Oral history methodology to the Columbia Encyclopedia: Following this, oral history has increasingly become a respected record type. Some oral historians now also account for the subjective memories of interviewees due to the research of Italian historian Alessandro Portelli and his associates.
Oral histories are also used in many communities to document the experiences of survivors of tragedies. Following the Holocaustthere has emerged a rich tradition of oral history, particularly of Jewish survivors.
The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum has an extensive archive of over 70, oral history interviews.
Oral history - Wikipedia
In his book Doing Oral HistoryDonald Ritchie wrote that "oral history oral history methodology room for both the academic and the layperson. In the United States, there are several organizations dedicated to doing oral history which are not affiliated with universities or specific locations.
StoryCorps is one of the most well-known of these: