Maladie de Basedow et maladie de Crohn: étiopathogénie croisée ou association fortuite? (À propos de deux cas). Graves' disease and Crohnʼs disease: Is. Graves' disease, also known as toxic diffuse goiter, is an autoimmune disease that affects the .. As a result, on the European Continent, the terms Basedow's syndrome, Basedow's disease, or Morbus Basedow are more common than Graves'. LA MALADIE DE GRAVES BASEDOW: DE LA PHYSIOPATHOLOGIE AU TRAITEMENT. Front Cover. CORINNE.. BOUYSSE. Éditeur inconnu,


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Graves' disease - Wikipedia

The thoracic CT-scan without contrast injected showed a pseudotumor aspect of the thymus. Medical treatment with anti-thyroid drugs and beta blockers led to regression of the thymus mass.

Knowledge of this type of association can avoid unnecessary thymus surgery. The clinical course is favorable irrespective of the type of anti-thyroid drug given.

La maladie de Basedow

Maladie de BasedowThymus Keywords: Occasionally, goiter is not clinically detectable, but may be seen only with computed tomography or ultrasound examination of the thyroid. Another sign of Graves' disease is hyperthyroidism, i.

Normal thyroid maladie de graves basedow are also seen, and occasionally also hypothyroidismwhich may assist in causing goiter though it is not the cause of the Graves' disease.

Hyperthyroidism in Graves' disease is confirmed, as with any other cause of hyperthyroidism, by measuring elevated blood levels of free unbound T3 and T4. Other useful laboratory measurements in Graves' disease include thyroid-stimulating hormone TSH, usually undetectable in Graves' disease due to negative feedback from the elevated Maladie de graves basedow and T4and protein-bound iodine elevated.

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Serologically detected thyroid-stimulating antibodies, radioactive iodine RAI uptake, or thyroid ultrasound with Doppler all can independently confirm a diagnosis of Grave's disease.

Biopsy to obtain histiological testing is not maladie de graves basedow required, but may be obtained if thyroidectomy is performed. The goiter in Graves' disease is often not nodular, but thyroid nodules are also common.


Measuring TSH-receptor antibodies with the h-TBII assay has been proven efficient and maladie de graves basedow the most practical approach found in one study. Graves' ophthalmopathy Thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy TAOor thyroid eye disease TEDis the most common extrathyroidal manifestation of Grave's disease.

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It is a form of idiopathic lymphocytic orbital inflammation, and although its pathogenesis is not completely understood, autoimmune activation of orbital fibroblastswhich in TAO express the TSH receptoris thought to play a central role.

Severity of eye disease may be classified by the mnemonic: No signs or symptoms Class 1: Only signs limited to upper lid retraction and stare, with or without lid lag Class 2: Soft tissue involvement oedema of conjunctivae and lids, conjunctival injection, etc.

Extraocular muscle involvement usually with diplopia Class 5: Corneal involvement primarily due to lagophthalmos Class 6: Sight loss due to optic nerve involvement Typically the natural history of TAO follows Rundle's curve, which describes maladie de graves basedow rapid worsening during an initial phase, up to a peak of maximum severity, maladie de graves basedow then improvement to a static plateau without, however, resolving back to a normal condition.

As operating on a frankly hyperthyroid patient is dangerous, prior to thyroidectomy, preoperative treatment with antithyroid drugs is given to render the patient "euthyroid" i. Each of these treatments has advantages and disadvantages.


No one treatment approach is considered maladie de graves basedow best for everyone. Treatment with antithyroid medications must be given for six months to two years to be effective. Even then, upon cessation of the drugs, the hyperthyroid state may recur.


These drugs block the binding of iodine and coupling of iodotyrosines. Others include granulocytopenia dose-dependent, which improves on cessation of the drug and aplastic anemia.

Patients on these medications should see a doctor if they develop sore throat or fever. The most common side effects are rash and peripheral neuritis. These drugs also cross the maladie de graves basedow and are secreted in breast milk.