GNU Emacs is the most popular and most ported Emacs text editor. It was created by GNU .. Two additional manuals, the Emacs Lisp Reference Manual by Bil Lewis, Richard Stallman, .. Jump up ^ ""Learning GNU Emacs, Third Edition": A Guide to the World's Most . Jump up ^ "emacs-fu: emacs 23 has been released!". GNU Emacs Reference Card (for version 23) Starting Emacs To enter GNU Emacs 23, just type its name: emacs Leaving Emacs suspend Emacs (or iconify it. enter using algebraic notation ' 2+3*4 refer to previous result ' 3*$2̂ refer to higher stack . Reference Card for GNU Emacs Calc %**start of header.


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GNU Emacs was emacs23 reference card based on Gosling Emacs, but Stallman's replacement of its Mocklisp interpreter with a true Lisp interpreter required that nearly all of its code be rewritten. This became the first program released by the nascent GNU Project.

Version 13, the emacs23 reference card public release, was made on March 20, The first widely distributed version of GNU Emacs was version Early versions of GNU Emacs were numbered as "1.

The "1" was dropped after version 1.

GNU Emacs - Wikipedia

A new third version number was added to represent changes made by user sites. It offered more features than Gosling Emacs, in particular a full-featured Lisp as its extension language, and soon replaced Gosling Emacs as the emacs23 reference card facto Unix Emacs editor.

Markus Hess exploited a security flaw in GNU Emacs' email subsystem in his cracking spree, in which he gained emacs23 reference card access to Unix computers. The project has since adopted a public development mailing list and anonymous CVS access. Richard Stallman has remained the principal maintainer of GNU Emacs, but he has stepped back from the role at times.

GNU Emacs Reference Card Motion Starting Emacs

Stefan Monnier and Chong Yidong have overseen maintenance emacs23 reference card Emacs23 reference card versions of the GNU Emacs documentation appeared under an ad-hoc license that required the inclusion of certain text in any modified copy. Newer versions of the documentation use the GNU Free Documentation License with "invariant sections" that require the inclusion of the same documents and that the manuals proclaim themselves as GNU Manuals.


For GNU Emacs, like many other GNU packages, it remains policy to accept significant code contributions only if the copyright holder executes a suitable disclaimer or assignment of their emacs23 reference card interest to the Free Software Foundation. Bug fixes and minor code contributions of fewer than 10 lines are exempt.

This policy is in place so that the FSF can defend the software in court if its copyleft license is emacs23 reference card. Init was noticed that GNU Emacs had been accidentally releasing some binaries without corresponding source code for two years, in opposition to the intended spirit of the GPLresulting in a copyright violation.

Naturally, the FSF didn't emacs23 reference card any downstream redistributors who also unknowingly violated the GPL by distributing these binaries. Commands such as save-buffer and save-buffers-kill-emacs combine multiple modified keystrokes. Emacs also supports "inferior processes"—long-lived processes that interact with an Emacs buffer.

Emacs cheat sheet

This is used to implement shell-mode, running a Unix shell as inferior process, as well as read—eval—print loop REPL modes for various programming languages. Emacs' support for external processes makes it an attractive environment for interactive programming along the lines of Interlisp or Smalltalk.

Minibuffer[ edit ] Emacs uses the "minibuffer," normally the bottommost line, to present status and request information—the functions that would typically be performed emacs23 reference card dialog boxes in most GUIs. The minibuffer holds information such as text to target in a search or the name of a emacs23 reference card to read or save.